Rapid covering and healing of both acute skin defects and chronic skin defects are important objectives for wound healing. The best way to heal a wound is to close it according to surgical standards as quickly as possible after injury. In large-surface and deep wounds in which the primary wound closure is not possible or not practicable, the most important issue is to dress the wound with appropriate materials.
A decubitus ulcer, also called bed sore or pressure ulcer, occurs on the skin. They are caused by intense pressure on the skin over a long period of time. The pressure affects the blood vessels of the skin and tissues beneath. The tissues then die because they are deprived of the necessary blood circulation that supplies them with oxygen. Some factors further promote the development of a decubitus ulcer like: Poor nutrition, weight Loss, diabetes, poor hygiene .
Diabetic foot is an umbrella term for foot problems in patients with diabetes. Due to arterial abnormalities and diabetic neuropathy, as well as a tendency to delayed wound healing. Wound healing is a ‘make-up’ phenomenon for the portion of tissue that gets destroyed in any open or closed injury to the skin. Foot ulcers in diabetes require multidisciplinary assessment, usually by diabetes specialists and surgeons.
Surgical options are often considered for slowly or non-healing wounds. When deep wounds are not responding well to standard medical procedures, consultation with a plastic surgeon may be needed to determine if reconstructive surgery is the best possible treatment.